Fundamentals of Organic Gardening is associated with how nature would have grown vegetables, flowers, fruits and herbs if it was us. Keeping to scope of how growth of different vegetation occurs naturally and what the forest, and other forms of vegetation which sprouts up naturally can be called organic or naturally occurring and following those principles to the tee can be called organic gardening. Here I try to deal with the fundamentals of it and what I have understood.
What exactly is organic gardening?
I have tried answering this question many a times and have tried my best to following what I have learnt. Some with much success and some with failure. Drawing from my experience, I always come to the same conclusion when I start of with growing any vegetables, herbs and fruit organically.
The Fundamentals of growing organically
The fundamentals of organic gardening remains the same irrespective for growing vegetation specially greens, Sunlight, water and the fertility of the soil. The same goes for inorganically grown vegetation, except the two former fundamentals are the same and the latter ones are different.
So drawing from this conclusion, it can be safely said, that an organic gardening involves organic fertilization just as the vegetation grown in the forest or in our surroundings without any help from us chemically as in inorganically grown vegetables, fruits and herbs.
The most important is sunlight
Sunlight happens to be the most important specially when it comes to vegetation having greens such as green leaves. But, the quantity, exposure to it depends on the fruit, vegetable or herb that you are growing. You cannot call them organic if grown under artificial lighting conditions. You aren’t following the same natural trends. There will be some alteration in taste to the fruit, however, you might justify to the contrary.
The basic as I have learnt while in school, that there is a thing called photosynthesis, where green growing vegetation uses the uses the pigment it collects from the soil to make its foods in its leaves using the carbon-di-oxide present in the atmosphere just to release oxygen back in the air. With the sunlight, it is a two prone action. Plants grow and produce food and removes the unnecessary CO2 to return O2 back into the air which is made by all breathing species, and extra by humanity.
The next in importance is Water
The next in importance is water but the amount varies from the kind of vegetation you are growing. Some need more than others and some need hardly any but nevertheless, they are need it to some varying degree. Most green plants cannot take too much water as there is a thing called root rot. More than what it roots need leads to the roots rotting away, either giving you a lesser yield or making the vegetation die more quickly than usually it would. So the drainage of the soil has to be maintained to the demand of proper water retention.
Humus Soil for an Organic Gardening
The fundamentals of organic gardening also involves the soil. Which is just as important as the others. That is if we want to truly follow growing organically and getting a tasty, healthy morsel of healthy food on our platter. Else we can use the commercial way of growing our food.
I have learnt early, that the soil needs to be humus which is a way in not only forest anywhere, but the great rain forest called the Amazon was for millions of years. It allowed to sustain all species of life and was the lungs of the Earth. We cannot follow it to the tee, but we can learn how it did it and try our best to be closest to how it went about doing so.
That is if we used naturally made compost. Forest use everything. The dropping from the trees, animals, humans and birds pooh, the urine passed out by mammals and the dead of the animals which pass away in its area. It does not discriminate between clean and dirty as we humans do. Nor did humans till a thing called toilets came into question. In fact, some of the best compost made is from human and animals pooh and urine. Some deserts growing was made possible after a year of composting it. I have myself experienced it from the green vegetables grown accidentally around a pit for collection of the pooh from the toilet. The growth was green, tasty – better than anything I have ever had from the best organic farm.
In one sentence, use everything to make compost for organic gardening, you will not regret it.
Read of others like growing fruits, vegetables and herbs organically at Organic Gardening, all written by my experience either by researched or growing them myself.